When to fly to Peru
The Andes divides Peru in two and the Amazon jungle is in the east of the country. It enjoys great variation in temperatures. On the coast, there is a hot and cold season. The hot season extends from the middle of November to the end of March. The cold season runs from the end of April until mid-November. Humidity is high.
The best time to visit Peru really depends on where you intend to go. The coast, including Lima, is best seen during the summer months (December to March).
For Cuzco, the Sacred Valley, the Inca Trail and Machu Picchu, visit between May and September. This is the dry season.
For jungle treks, visit between May and September.
The Incas once ruled the mystical land of Peru and each year thousands of visitors book their Peru flights to experience the magic for themselves. Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley are among the most visited sites, but beyond these illustrious landmarks is a country blessed with the most spectacular scenery in the region: a stunning 2000-mile coastline and thousands of miles of lush Amazon rainforest that spills into the Atlantic.
Peru flights land in the capital, Lima. The vibrant city provides a good introduction to the country and a base to explore other towns, but a few days is more than enough. On the way to Machu Picchu is the colonial city of Cuzco which is well worth a stop. Incan descendants still live here and examples of colonial art are scattered throughout the stone-walled streets. The town of Aguas Calientes, west of Cuzco, is where tourists catch buses up to legendary Machu Picchu. After exploring the ruins, those in search of even more adventure could head back to Cuzco and take the train to Puno and explore the sacred Lake Titicaca, the world’s highest navigable body of water.
Peru’s coast rarely sees rain and is usually sunny. The exception is from April to November, when you will probably encounter a heavy sea mist. The highlands’ wet season lasts from October to April, and the dry season from May to September. During the dry season, you’ll have clear and sunny days, but very cold nights, especially in the higher altitudes.
Several airlines fly domestically including Aerocondor Peru, the country’s oldest airline, which connects 11 cities including Lima, Arequipa and Iquitos.
Star Peru links nine cities including Lima, Trujillo and Chiclayo.
LC Busre flies between Lima and Huanuco, Huaraz, Jauja, Andahuaylas, Atalaya, Ayacucho and Cajamarca.
Peru Rail offers travel to Machu Picchu, Cuzco, Sacred Valley, Puno, Lake Titicaca, Arequipa and Colca Canyon. There are luxury trains such as the Hiram Bingham, which travels between Cuzco and Machu Picchu, while the Vistadome runs between Cuzco-Machu Picchu and Sacred Valley-Machu Picchu. Backpacker carriages are for no-frills travellers and are available on the following routes: Cuzco-Machu Picchu, Sacred Valley-Machu Picchu and Cuzco-Lake Titicaca.
There are several private bus companies offering low-fare service throughout Peru including Ormeno and Cruz del Sur.
Renting a car is easy. Budget and Avis are just two of the most-recognisable companies operating in Peru.
(prices quotes are from London)