Find flights
Deals
When to book
Airlines
FAQs

Cheap flights from Toronto to Detroit from C$ 201

This is the cheapest one-way flight price found by a Cheapflights user in the last 72 hours by searching for a flight to Detroit departing on 19/3. Fares are subject to change and may not be available on all flights or dates of travel. Click the price to replicate the search for this deal.
YTO — DTT
3 Mar — 10 Mar1
1 adult
Sun 3/3
Sun 10/3

The best prices from Toronto to Detroit All airports are usually found in February or January, booked 87 days in advance, depart on a Thursday or Saturday and return on a Monday

Cheap flight deals from Toronto to Detroit

Discover tips and strategies to find the most affordable flight options for your journey from Toronto (YTO) to Detroit (DTT). Learn about various techniques such as flexible date searches, comparing prices across and setting up price alerts. Use these methods to find the cheapest flights available for your travel needs. Data last updated 27 February 2024.

Popular in

November

Cheapest in

February

Round-trip from

C$ 505

One-way from

C$ 203
High demand for flights, 18% potential price rise
Best time to find cheap flights, 20% potential price drop
From Toronto (YTO) to Detroit (DTT)
One-way flight from Toronto (YTO) to Detroit (DTT)

What is the cheapest day to fly round-trip from Toronto to Detroit?

Saturday flights are found to be more expensive to fly from Toronto to Detroit. This shouldn’t discourage you from searching, as you can still find great deals by being flexible with your options. Use our search form to find deals on tickets to Detroit.

How far in advance should I book a flight from Toronto to Detroit?

To save on the cost of your flight from Toronto to Detroit, book at least 51 days before your planned departure. Booking around this time can save you about 149% on the cost of this flight compared to booking a flight leaving this week. We have found prices from C$ 727 if you need a flight within two weeks. For flights within the next 72 hours, you can find tickets from as low as C$ 932.

What is the cheapest month to fly from Toronto to Detroit?

The best pricing can be found in the month of February. Prices to Detroit from Toronto average C$ 563. You can even find prices in February for less than C$ 563, as users have found deals to Detroit from as low as C$ 366. The month of November appears to be one of the more expensive times to travel to Detroit from Toronto. Flying in the targeted month can save you up to 22%.

When is the cheapest time to fly from Toronto to Detroit (YTO - DTT)?

It’s optimal to fly from Toronto to Detroit in the morning. By choosing this option you can save up to 29% on the cost of your flight, compared to a flight in the afternoon.

Cheap WestJet flights from Toronto to Detroit

Explore cheap flight options specifically provided by WestJet for the route between Toronto and Detroit. Find affordable fares and compare prices with other airlines to secure the best deal for your journey. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 603,145 searches. Data last updated 27 February 2024.
Peruse some of the lowest-priced WestJet flights we've found from Toronto to Detroit. Make sure to check back often as deals are often changing.
Tue 26/35:09 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 24mWestJet
Wed 27/36:17 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop5h 09mWestJet
Deal found 26/2C$ 466
Tue 19/36:47 p.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop13h 07mWestJet
Thu 21/37:53 a.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 22mWestJet
Deal found 26/2C$ 473
Thu 2/511:59 a.m.YYZ - DTW
2 stops10h 25mWestJet
Tue 14/57:05 a.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop4h 34mWestJet
Deal found 26/2C$ 619
Tue 11/611:59 a.m.YYZ - DTW
2 stops20h 48mWestJet
Tue 18/69:15 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop13h 12mWestJet
Deal found 25/2C$ 641
Tue 19/312:15 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 15mWestJet
Thu 21/37:53 a.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 22mWestJet
Deal found 26/2C$ 645
Tue 12/36:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 39mWestJet
Thu 14/37:53 a.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 22mWestJet
Deal found 26/2C$ 678
Fri 8/37:45 a.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 42mWestJet
Mon 11/37:53 a.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 22mWestJet
Deal found 26/2C$ 728
Fri 8/36:30 p.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop14h 40mWestJet
Mon 11/36:00 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop5h 59mWestJet
Deal found 26/2C$ 745
Sat 9/35:06 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 31mWestJet
Sun 17/39:59 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop11h 30mWestJet
Deal found 25/2C$ 753

Cheap Air Canada flights from Toronto to Detroit

Explore cheap flight options specifically provided by Air Canada for the route between Toronto and Detroit. Find affordable fares and compare prices with other airlines to secure the best deal for your journey. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 603,145 searches. Data last updated 27 February 2024.
Some of the lowest-priced Air Canada flights we've found at this time heading from Toronto to Detroit. If these deals don't fit your criteria, make sure to check back soon as new deals are always added.
Tue 30/79:20 a.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 18mAir Canada
Thu 8/811:20 a.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 10mAir Canada
Deal found 26/2C$ 520
Tue 30/75:00 p.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop4h 26mAir Canada
Thu 8/88:40 p.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 10mAir Canada
Deal found 26/2C$ 527
Sat 11/510:20 a.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop4h 54mAir Canada
Sun 12/510:00 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop4h 49mAir Canada
Deal found 27/2C$ 528
Tue 30/75:00 p.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop4h 26mAir Canada
Thu 8/810:00 a.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop5h 32mAir Canada
Deal found 26/2C$ 534
Wed 27/38:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop7h 06mAir Canada
Wed 3/41:41 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop6h 11mAir Canada
Deal found 26/2C$ 539
Sat 11/511:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop4h 14mAir Canada
Sun 12/56:00 a.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop3h 58mAir Canada
Deal found 27/2C$ 541
Fri 29/36:52 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop6h 13mAir Canada
Sun 7/46:00 a.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop3h 58mAir Canada
Deal found 26/2C$ 547
Sat 11/510:20 a.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop4h 54mAir Canada
Wed 15/56:00 a.m.DTW - YTZ
2 stops10h 49mAir Canada
Deal found 26/2C$ 562
Sat 11/510:20 a.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop4h 54mAir Canada
Wed 15/56:00 a.m.DTW - YTZ
2 stops11h 49mAir Canada
Deal found 25/2C$ 564

Cheap Toronto to Detroit flights in February & March 2024

Find cheap flight options from Toronto to Detroit specifically for the months of February and March 2024. Explore affordable fares based on user searches. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 603,145 searches. Prices were last updated on 27 February 2024.
These are some of the most attractive deals on flights from Toronto to Detroit in 2024. Check back regularly for other flight deals.
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop11h 44mMultiple Airlines
Tue 2/410:48 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop13h 07mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 27/2C$ 335
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop11h 44mMultiple Airlines
Wed 27/37:14 a.m.DTW - YYZ
2 stops15h 42mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 336
Mon 25/32:00 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop6h 50mMultiple Airlines
Tue 26/39:17 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop6h 33mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 25/2C$ 351
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop11h 44mMultiple Airlines
Wed 27/39:37 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop14h 18mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 359
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
2 stops25h 27mMultiple Airlines
Tue 2/410:48 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop13h 07mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 27/2C$ 365
Tue 26/312:35 p.m.YYZ - DTW
2 stops19h 52mMultiple Airlines
Wed 27/36:38 p.m.DTW - YYZ
2 stops17h 17mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 374
Wed 27/35:10 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Wed 3/49:31 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop7h 14mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 384
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop12h 44mMultiple Airlines
Thu 28/38:59 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop14h 56mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 384
Wed 6/35:10 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Tue 12/39:17 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop8h 38mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 391

Toronto to Detroit 2024 flight deals

Discover exclusive flight deals for travel between Toronto and Detroit in 2024. Find excellent offers based on user searches. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 603,145 searches. Data last updated 27 February 2024.
These are some of the most attractive deals on flights from Toronto to Detroit in 2024. Check back regularly for other flight deals.
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop11h 44mMultiple Airlines
Tue 2/410:48 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop13h 07mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 27/2C$ 335
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop11h 44mMultiple Airlines
Wed 27/37:14 a.m.DTW - YYZ
2 stops15h 42mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 336
Mon 25/32:00 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop6h 50mMultiple Airlines
Tue 26/39:17 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop6h 33mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 25/2C$ 351
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop11h 44mMultiple Airlines
Wed 27/39:37 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop14h 18mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 359
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
2 stops25h 27mMultiple Airlines
Tue 2/410:48 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop13h 07mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 27/2C$ 365
Tue 26/312:35 p.m.YYZ - DTW
2 stops19h 52mMultiple Airlines
Wed 27/36:38 p.m.DTW - YYZ
2 stops17h 17mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 374
Wed 27/35:10 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Wed 3/49:31 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop7h 14mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 384
Tue 26/37:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop12h 44mMultiple Airlines
Thu 28/38:59 p.m.DTW - YYZ
1 stop14h 56mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 384
Mon 29/46:45 a.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop8h 05mMultiple Airlines
Wed 1/57:13 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop6h 42mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 385

Direct flights to Detroit from Toronto

Discover non-stop flight options from Toronto to Detroit. Find direct flights with no layovers, providing a convenient travel experience. Explore non-stop flight options based on user searches, and compare prices and availability for your desired travel dates. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 603,145 searches. Data last updated 27 February 2024.
If you're seeking options on non-stop flights from Toronto to Detroit, check out these fares. Search for alternative flights from Toronto to Detroit by utilizing the search form above.
Thu 28/32:35 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 22mMultiple Airlines
Fri 29/34:40 p.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 17mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 27/2C$ 520
Wed 27/32:35 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 22mAir Canada
Wed 3/46:00 a.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 11mAir Canada
Deal found 26/2C$ 539
Mon 25/39:10 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 22mMultiple Airlines
Fri 29/34:40 p.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 17mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 554
Tue 26/39:10 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 22mMultiple Airlines
Wed 27/34:40 p.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 17mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 569
Tue 26/32:35 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 22mUnited Airlines
Wed 27/34:40 p.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 17mUnited Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 570
Fri 15/38:30 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 15mUnited Airlines
Mon 18/35:45 p.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 13mUnited Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 639
Tue 19/312:15 p.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 15mWestJet
Thu 21/37:53 a.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 22mWestJet
Deal found 26/2C$ 645
Fri 22/37:45 a.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 30mDelta
Sun 24/37:53 a.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 22mDelta
Deal found 25/2C$ 673
Tue 12/36:00 a.m.YYZ - DTW
Nonstop1h 39mWestJet
Thu 14/37:53 a.m.DTW - YYZ
Nonstop1h 22mWestJet
Deal found 26/2C$ 678

Toronto to Detroit flights leaving soon

Find last-minute flight options from Toronto to Detroit for spontaneous travel. Discover available flights and compare prices based on user searches. Secure great deals and offers for spontaneous trips with quick booking options. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 603,145 searches. Data last updated 27 February 2024.
Consider one of these great deals we found on last-minute flights from Toronto to Detroit. Users should double check the flight they book to ensure it matches the day, time, and destination they're looking for.
Wed 6/35:10 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Tue 12/39:17 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop8h 38mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 391
Thu 7/312:00 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop8h 50mMultiple Airlines
Tue 12/39:17 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop4h 33mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 392
Wed 6/35:10 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Wed 13/39:31 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop6h 19mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 407
Wed 6/35:10 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Mon 11/38:00 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 409
Thu 7/32:00 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop6h 50mMultiple Airlines
Mon 11/38:00 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop7h 50mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 415
Thu 7/33:00 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Wed 13/39:31 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop6h 19mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 426
Thu 7/32:00 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop6h 50mMultiple Airlines
Sat 9/39:00 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop6h 50mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 432
Wed 6/32:10 p.m.YTZ - DTW
2 stops8h 50mMultiple Airlines
Sat 9/39:00 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop10h 00mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 438
Fri 8/33:00 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Tue 12/39:17 a.m.DTW - YTZ
1 stop9h 43mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 443

One-way flights to Detroit from Toronto

Search for one-way flight options from Toronto to Detroit. Find affordable one-way fares based on user searches. Compare prices and availability to plan your one-way journey according to your preferred dates and budget. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 603,145 searches. Data last updated 27 February 2024.
Users in need of a one-way flight from Toronto to Detroit can choose from these deals. Users can also find round-trip Toronto to Detroit flights by using the search form above.
Tue 19/312:35 p.m.YYZ - DTW
2 stops19h 52mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 201
Tue 19/35:10 p.m.YTZ - DTW
1 stop5h 50mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 203
Thu 11/44:45 p.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop16h 32mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 219
Sun 28/47:30 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop15h 57mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 25/2C$ 220
Sat 27/411:50 a.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop12h 35mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 25/2C$ 222
Tue 19/32:10 p.m.YTZ - DTW
2 stops8h 50mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 224
Sat 27/411:50 a.m.YYZ - DTW
2 stops19h 55mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 25/2C$ 228
Mon 22/45:15 p.m.YYZ - DTW
2 stops20h 05mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 230
Thu 14/34:55 p.m.YYZ - DTW
1 stop7h 28mMultiple Airlines
Deal found 26/2C$ 231

Find flights from Toronto to Detroit within your budget

Customize your flight search to find flights from Toronto to Detroit that fit within your specific budget. Explore options based on user searches and filter the results based on your desired price range. Find flights that match your budget for a cost-effective journey. Over the last 7 days, Cheapflights users made 603,145 searches. Data last updated 27 February 2024.

Fly from

Any airport

Fly to

Any airport

Budget

C$ 336 - C$ 673

Route

Depart

Return

Price

Toronto Pearson IntlDetroit Metropolitan Wayne County

YYZ - DTW

YYZDTW

Toronto Pearson Intl

Tue 26/3

1 stop11h 44m

Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County

Wed 27/3

2 stops15h 42m

C$ 336

Toronto IslandDetroit Metropolitan Wayne County

YTZ - DTW

YTZDTW

Toronto Island

Mon 25/3

1 stop6h 50m

Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County

Tue 26/3

1 stop6h 33m

C$ 351

Toronto Pearson IntlDetroit Metropolitan Wayne County

YYZ - DTW

YYZDTW

Toronto Pearson Intl

Tue 26/3

1 stop11h 44m

Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County

Wed 27/3

1 stop14h 18m

C$ 359

Toronto Pearson IntlDetroit Metropolitan Wayne County

YYZ - DTW

YYZDTW

Toronto Pearson Intl

Tue 26/3

2 stops19h 52m

Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County

Wed 27/3

2 stops17h 17m

C$ 374

Toronto Pearson IntlDetroit Metropolitan Wayne County

YYZ - DTW

YYZDTW

Toronto Pearson Intl

Tue 26/3

Nonstop1h 24m

Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County

Wed 27/3

1 stop5h 09m

C$ 466

Toronto Pearson IntlDetroit Metropolitan Wayne County

YYZ - DTW

YYZDTW

Toronto Pearson Intl

Tue 30/7

Nonstop1h 18m

Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County

Thu 8/8

Nonstop1h 10m

C$ 520

Toronto Pearson IntlDetroit Metropolitan Wayne County

YYZ - DTW

YYZDTW

Toronto Pearson Intl

Mon 25/3

1 stop6h 38m

Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County

Tue 26/3

2 stops9h 04m

C$ 588

Toronto Pearson IntlDetroit Metropolitan Wayne County

YYZ - DTW

YYZDTW

Toronto Pearson Intl

Tue 19/3

Nonstop1h 15m

Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County

Sat 23/3

1 stop5h 21m

C$ 600

Toronto Pearson IntlDetroit Metropolitan Wayne County

YYZ - DTW

YYZDTW

Toronto Pearson Intl

Fri 22/3

Nonstop1h 30m

Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County

Sun 24/3

Nonstop1h 22m

C$ 673

Flights are sorted by cheapest first

Deals found on 26/2

When is the best time to book a flight from Toronto to Detroit?

Use this chart to determine the optimal time to book a round-trip flight from Toronto to Detroit. Price data was last updated on 28 January 2024.
The best time to book flights from Toronto to Detroit is 86 days before your desired departure date. The cost of your flight will likely increase significantly if you book two weeks in advance of your flight.
Search Deals

When is the cheapest time to fly from Toronto to Detroit?

Use this chart to determine the cheapest time to fly round-trip from Toronto to Detroit. Price data was last updated on 25 February 2024.
Morning
Noon
Afternoon
Evening
All times are departure.
Travelers seeking maximum savings on their Toronto to Detroit flight should consider departing on Thursday mornings when fares are most often at their lowest. Tuesday at noon flights should be avoided if possible as fares are typically the most expensive at this time.
Search Deals

Average price of flights to Detroit by month

Plan your trip from Toronto to Detroit by taking into account the cheapest months to travel. The average price of a one-way flight from Toronto to Detroit is currently C$ 220 while a round-trip flight costs C$ 474. Price data was last updated on 25 February 2024.

Currently, November is the cheapest month in which you can book a flight from Toronto to Detroit (average of C$ 274). Flying from Toronto to Detroit in July is currently the most expensive (average of C$ 422). There are several factors that can impact the price of a flight, so comparing airlines, departure airports and flight times can provide users with more options.

January

C$ 376

February

C$ 512

March

C$ 545

April

C$ 488

May

C$ 403

June

C$ 501

July

C$ 570

August

C$ 536

September

C$ 450

October

C$ 545

November

C$ 370

December

C$ 515

Temperature and rainfall in Detroit by month

Plan your trip to Detroit by taking into account the average temperature and rainfall totals by month.

DTT

Temperature

-4 - 23 °C

Reviews of airlines servicing Detroit

Get insights into the airlines that provide service to Detroit. Read reviews, discover amenities, and learn about the overall travel experience offered by airlines. Use this information to make informed decisions when choosing an airline for your flight to Detroit. Reviews last updated 27 February 2024.
See what other customers who have flown with WestJet, Air Canada and American Airlines from Toronto to Detroit have to say. You can also see how each airline stacks up in terms of entertainment options, comfort, food, crew/service, and boarding process.
8.1
Very good
11,830 reviews

Comfort

7.9

Entertainment

8.1

Boarding

8.2

Food

7.5

Crew

8.6

Overall

8.1

Reviews

1 / 10

It was a good experience other than a short delay.

8.1
Very good
11,830 reviews
8.1
Very good
11,830 reviews

Comfort

7.9

Entertainment

8.1

Boarding

8.2

Food

7.5

Crew

8.6

Overall

8.1

Reviews

1 / 10

It was a good experience other than a short delay.

7.6
Good
3,142 reviews
8.1
Very good
11,830 reviews

Comfort

7.9

Entertainment

8.1

Boarding

8.2

Food

7.5

Crew

8.6

Overall

8.1

Reviews

1 / 10

It was a good experience other than a short delay.

7.4
Good
11,817 reviews
8.1
Very good
11,830 reviews

Comfort

7.9

Entertainment

8.1

Boarding

8.2

Food

7.5

Crew

8.6

Overall

8.1